Human thinking

Two types of thinking

1) visualization

2) auditary

If someone can think in pictures we call it visualization.

But if some one talk in mind we call it auditary thinking.

Sensory organs

When some one smell ,feel, touch that can also made thinking with sensory organs

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Creation of Human Organs

The Stem Cell research has paved the way to greater access to organs, instead of waiting for donors or taking harsh medications. Scientists from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School have discovered how to regenerate the function of human heart tissue through adult skin cells. Through stem cells, humans can grow another organ. This is associated with the regenerative nature of living organisms. Recently, various research all around the world enables growing fallopian tubes, heart, brain, lung, and kidney, among others through stem cells.

water - 10 Greatest Scientific Discoveries and Inventions of 21st Century

Water as Fuel

German Cleantech Company has developed a futuristic machine that converts water into fuel. Through Power-to-Liquid Technology, they can convert water and carbon dioxide into liquid hydrocarbons which take the form of synthetic diesel, petrol, and kerosene. This technology was based on Fischer-Tropsch process and solid oxide electrolyzer cells (SOECs) which converts electricity to steam. In 2017, Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) and Berkeley Lab’s Materials Project also devised a technology that turns sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into fuel which can be a viable source of power, replacing coal, oil and other fossil fuels.

Robotic Body Parts


Through the help of biomechanics and engineering, scientists have devised robotic body parts. The University of Twente has developed robotic arms that can aid those individuals affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This will allow patients to amplify residual function in the arm. They also applied Darpa’s Revolutionizing Prosthetics project of creating prosthetics to wounded US military personnel, in developing robotic limbs. Today, scientists are studying on the viability of making these robotic body parts or exoskeletons controlled by the mind to help disabled individuals, survivors of stroke and elderly people

Evidence of Water on Mars

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration confirmed last September 2015 that there is evidence proving the existence of liquid water in Mars. Using the imaging spectrometer of NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), scientists detected hydrated salts in different locations on Mars. During the warm season, the hydrated salts darken and flow down steep. However, they fade in cooler seasons. The detection of hydrated salts means that water plays a vital role in their formation.

Detection of Gravitational Waves

Scientists considered this as the greatest discovery of the 21st century. Let us go back to the time when Albert Einstein first predicted in his theory of relativity that time travel will be possible. Now, it has been proven by the recent findings. The LIGO project based in the United States has detected gravitational waves that could allow scientists to develop a time machine and travel to the earliest and darkest parts of the universe. This was the first time that the witnessed the “ripples in the fabric of space-time.”

mars - 10 Greatest Scientific Discoveries and Inventions of 21st Century

Story of a student???

In 2014 something happened in his life. He searched on internet fan with electric bulb. And fast charging batteries. after some days he searched again this idea and this idea was on internet. some one steal their ideas. And his friends behavior changed after that.

After some days he thinks that India will be online after few year. He got another idea. And he decided to do not search on internet.

In 2015,But in July-August some thing happened at one night. Due to drank and stoned that nigh. He forgot about everything Next day. Next day he feels fear. His heart beats are fast. He thinks that something happened that night. Because all of his friends against him and society against him. He ask his friends about that night but they tell him nothing happened. He thinks he did something wrong. And he doesn’t even know and he also feel that he will become mad. Due to Chara’s. And he decided to leave engineering and that place. He tells his parents that he doesn’t want to pursue his degree. Because of 20 log backs. After that he went to home and his parents tell him that giving up is not an option. Than he decided that to live his mother in that place.

Bhagavat Geeta, a myth, science or reality????

1) Energy can either be created nor be detroyer

In bhagavat Geeta :- aatma kbhi Marti nhi.

That low is simply related to bhagavat Geeta.

There are many things that scienctist don’t know about

Bhagavat Geeta was written by god

And thing that are written in bhagavat Geeta has been proved today by science.

There are many things that scienctist does not know about.

So one that bases of my knowledge god does exist.

Only god can write that kind of book

Tea benefits and side effects???

Tea benefits

Scientists have found that the catechins (antioxidants) in green tea extract increase the body’s ability to burn fat as fuel, which accounts for improved muscle endurance. Drinking tea could help reduce the risk of heart attack. Tea might also help protect against cardiovascular and degenerative diseases

Tea side effects

Anxiety and restlessness. The caffeine is one of the most popular mood-enhancing drug and it has some good as well as bad effects on our body. Consuming too much of tea can lead to sleep disruption, restlessness, anxiety and increased heart rate.

Is combustion need oxygen????

It we have to burn something we need oxygen

But some scientists believe that combustion also occured without oxygen

Like in space sun has nuclear fusion

Some scientists says nuclear fusion does not require energy

On the other hand some believed that there is some molecules of oxygen around the sun.

Combustion needs 16% of oxygen

Does any chemical reaction occured in the absence of oxygen ?????

Or

Chemical reaction does not need oxygen????

Electric Generator

How does a generator work?

An electric generator is a device that converts mechanical energy obtained from an external source into electrical energy as the output.

It is important to understand that a generator does not actually ‘create’ electrical energy. Instead, it uses the mechanical energy supplied to it to force the movement of electric charges present in the wire of its windings through an external electric circuit. This flow of electric charges constitutes the output electric current supplied by the generator. This mechanism can be understood by considering the generator to be analogous to a water pump, which causes the flow of water but does not actually ‘create’ the water flowing through it.

The modern-day generator works on the principle of electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday in 1831-32. Faraday discovered that the above flow of electric charges could be induced by moving an electrical conductor, such as a wire that contains electric charges, in a magnetic field. This movement creates a voltage difference between the two ends of the wire or electrical conductor, which in turn causes the electric charges to flow, thus generating electric current.

Main components of a generator

The main components of an electric generator can be broadly classified as follows (refer to illustration above):

(1) Engine
(2) Alternator
(3) Fuel System
(4) Voltage Regulator
(5) Cooling and Exhaust Systems
(6) Lubrication System
(7) Battery Charger
(8) Control Panel
(9) Main Assembly / Frame

The nuclear-capable agni-v missile

India will join an exclusive club of countries like the US, Russia, China, France, and Britain which have intercontinental ballistic missile capabilities.

Specifications of agni 5 missile

Lenght :- 17 meters and two meters wide

Weight :- 1.5 tonnes

Range :- 5,500 km

Speed increased as compared to agni 1 ,agni 2,agni 3,agni 4 missile

Because this is three stage missile

If weigh decreases , speed and average also increases

Due to stages if 1st stage is used then weigh of missile also decreases ,speed and average increases.

In 2nd stage weight of missile decreases , speed and average of missile also increases as compared to 1st stage.

In 3rd stage weigh decreases as compare to 2nd stage, speed and average of missile also increases.

Solid fuel is used in this missile

Drones


A Drone, in a technological context, is an unmanned aircraft. … essentially, a drone is a flying robot. The aircrafts may be remotely controlled or can fly autonomously through software-controlled flight plans in their embedded systems working in conjunction with onboard sensors and GPS.

How electricity is generated ????

Diagram of an electricity generator - Spinning rotor turning coiled copper wire inside stationary magnets to generate electricity.In 1831, scientist Michael Faraday discovered that when a magnet is moved inside a coil of wire, an electric current flows in the wire. An electricity generator is a device that converts a form of energy into electricity. Generators operate because of the relationship between magnetism and electricity. Generators that convert kinetic (mechanical) energy into electrical energy produce nearly all of the electricity that consumers use.

Mars’ lake may need an underground volcano to exist

Mars’ south pole, were first reported in 2018 by a team led by planetary scientist Roberto Orosei (SN: 8/18/18, p. 6). The discovery kicked off a debate over what it would take to keep the lake liquid in such a frigid environment.

Planetary scientists Michael Sori and Ali Bramson considered various scenarios, including dust mixed in the ice cap to improve its insulating abilities and episodes of past volcanism on the Red Planet. The only way to create enough heat to explain the lake is if a subsurface pool of magma under the ice also exists, the duo reports in the Feb. 12 Geophysical Research Letters.

“We tried to do our due diligence and think of all sorts of alternative factors that could raise the temperature,” Sori says. “The magma stuff was the only one that did it. None of the other factors really even came close.”

The possible lake — the first report of so much liquid water existing on Mars today — appeared as a bright reflection to the radar of the European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter. The Martian environment, though, is too cold for water to remain liquid on its own. Orosei, of the National Institute of Astrophysics in Bologna, Italy, and his colleagues had suggested that salts dissolved in the water could keep its melting point low, allowing the lake to exist as a briny sludge.

Conditions beneath the ice are still too cold — an average of –68° Celsius — to explain the lake’s existence just with salts, argue Sori and Bramson, both of the University of Arizona in Tucson. But their calculations show that if around 300,000 years ago, a volcano released magma into a chamber at least five kilometers wide and buried about 10 kilometers beneath where the lake appears to be, that pool could generate enough heat to still be melting salty ice today. Without salt, the magma chamber would have to be larger or closer to the surface, the researchers say.

If the magma chamber is real, it would mean that Mars has been geologically active much more recently than planetary scientists think (SN: 3/4/17, p. 12). Previous studies suggested that the most recent geologic activity near Mars’ south pole was millions of years ago, at least.

The chamber’s existence could also be a blow to the purported lake’s habitability: If the lake is only a few hundred thousand years old, that doesn’t give life much time to have gotten started.

Sori and Bramson remain neutral on whether their findings make the lake more or less likely to exist. “Honestly, we’re not sure,” Bramson says. The researchers suggest that future searches look for either the magma chamber or the lake. So far, other radar searches using NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have not spotted the lake (SN: 12/22/18, p. 29).

The jury is out among other researchers too. The new research doesn’t rule out the role of salts in melting ice, says planetary scientist Bethany Ehlmann of Caltech who was not involved in either study. But “this paper is a nice contribution that explores an alternative hypothesis,” she says.

Orosei stands by his team’s observations. Theoretical arguments showing how difficult it is for liquid water to be present beneath the ice, he says, do not prove the water is not there. “I think that we are just entering a long and exhausting debate,” he says.

Nuclear fission & fusion !!!

Nuclear fission

When a neutron is added to chemicals then they splits due to vibration in nucleus or in nano particles. Produce neutrons and split in two products. Due to split of one product in two products photon energy is produced. This chain reaction happened again and again.

Nuclear fusion

When two chemicals have reaction with each other in the addition of neutrons. They produce energy called nuclear energy. This process happened again and again.

In nuclear fission a product split into two products in the addition neutron and produce neutrons when products are split

After that nuclear fusion occurs there two products are attached with each other in the presence of neutrons

This cycle happened in many time

Story of someone’s life????

Some days life is really happy. Full of joy . No tension every thing is good. No tension if we pass or fail in our life . Or in our exams. This is called happiness.

But after that something happened in your life and you don’t know about that. After that , there is a life with fear of everything , fear of becoming mad.

Fear,But if nothing is happened in your life or thinking like mad people’s. Fear,But if you done something wrong.Fear, But if you are in depression. Fear,But if someone is the reason of your depression.

With these type of tensions ,if you want to sleep ,you did not sleep well at nigh. These stressful moments doesn’t want you to sleep to the rest of your life.

But if depression pills doesn’t working and you doesn’t sleep with having pills. And auditary hallucinating problems for all days and nights

But if you have no control with your emotions. But if you think that some one controlling your thoughts and emotions

There are some days if you want to get out of bed at daytime and you don’t have guts to getup

These days of your life is some kind of hell

But if Your life is only in a single room, this room is looks like a bars to you and you are looking at the life of others and compare there life to your life. You think that there life is full of joy and happiness, like your life in few years back.

“some times we go so far that we don’t know how to came back”

Every day you thinking about that time and there is only one question what happened in my life?????

Hyperloop!!!

Hyperloop based on the principal of attraction and repulsion

There are same magnetic poles that repels each other and that makes train frictionless . Due to this train run with high speed .

There are also the air chamber blocks that helps to reduce air friction

In other words hyperloop is frictionless train concept

It runs of on Newton’s third law

Every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

Tidal force !!!!!

Moon tidal force

A tidal force is related to gravity, but it isn’t the same thing. It’s really the difference between the the strength of gravity at two locations.

The gravitational attraction between two objects (say the Earth and the Moon) decreases with distance. This means that the Moon’s gravity pulls most strongly on the side of the Earth closest to the Moon and least strongly on the side of the Earth farthest from the Moon. Tidal forces on the side of Earth closest to the Moon pull material (mostly water) toward the Moon. Tidal forces on the other side of Earth actually pull material away from the Moon. The resulting deformation of Earth looks the same when the moon is at opposite sides of its orbit, like full moon and new moon or first quarter and third quarter. That’s why tides around the equator are higher during both a new moon and a full moon .

Sun tidal force

The Sun also affects the Earth’s tides. However, tidal forces due to the Sun are about half as strong as those due to the Moon. This seems strange, because the Sun’s gravity at Earth is much stronger than the Moon’s. But remember that tides concern the difference between gravity’s pull at opposite sides of the Earth. The radius of the Earth is a very small fraction of the distance between the Sun and the Earth, about 0.005%. As a result, the difference between the Sun’s gravitational pull on either end of the Earth is small. In contrast, the radius of the Earth is about 1.7% of the distance between the Earth and the Moon. So even though the Moon’s gravity isn’t as strong as the Sun’s, lunar tidal forces are stronger than solar tidal forces, so lunar tides are stronger than solar tides.

Yoga

What Facts Should I Know about Yoga?

Yoga is a systematic practice of physical exercise, breath control, relaxation, diet control, and positive thinking and meditation aimed at developing harmony in the body, mind, and environment. The practice entails low-impact physical activity, postures (called asanas), breathing techniques (pranayama), relaxation, and meditation. Most people are familiar with the physical poses or yoga positions but don’t know that yoga involves so much more.

What are the benefits of yoga?

In the health fields, yoga techniques are being applied in health promotion programs, substance abuse treatment programs, and as a complementary treatment for diseases such as anxiety disorders, depression, coronary heart disease, cancers, and HIV/AIDS. Yoga is a low-cost self-help approach to well-being.
The origin is a Sanskrit word Yog meaning union. Yoga is a union of the organ systems in the body with the consciousness in the mind. Philosophically, yoga produces a union of body, mind, and energy (or soul or spirit) to bring about a state of equanimity (calmness). Progressing to an even more advanced state, blending science and philosophy, one experiences a union of body, mind, internal energy, and the all-pervading cosmic energy, resulting in better physical health, mental control, and, ultimately, self-realization.

Types of energy produced in chemicals

ELECTRIC ENERGY

Due to electrolyses in chemicals they are separated .

Like when we use electrolyses in water they separate two gases hydrogen and oxygen .

The energy is produced in this separation is electric energy.

HEAT ENERGY(PHOTONS)

When one chemical react with another chemical produce heat energy.

Like hydrogen have chemical reaction with oxygen, produce heat energy (photons).

Biological weapon

Weapons based on radio waves – electromagnetic weapons
In 2009, the president of the United States of America, Barack Obama, announced that he was going to work hard towards a world without nuclear weapons. Of course he would say that, the United States has developed a whole new generation of weapons that are much more effective in torture and killing. Countries with these new weapons can only be threatened by nuclear weapons.

Nuclear weapons are of course terrible weapons; however, they cannot be used without leaving evidence. That is why their use is restricted. There is another, unknown to public domain, category of weapons that leaves no evidence. These are weapons based on radio waves. Attacks with these weapons are invisible and can go through walls. We are talking about electromagnetic weapons, also called electronic weapons. Examples include: microwave weapons, laser weapons, sound weapons, as well as equipment to read and influence the human mind. These weapons are widely used by secret services and the military. This happens all over the world, and due to their high-tech character, more commonly in our ‘democratic West‘. These weapons are rarely mentioned by popular media, never have been acknowledged by any government, but have covertly been used against people like: whistleblowers, activists, politicians – to steal, to eliminate – for several decades. And in order to develop and perfect these weapons, random ordinary men, women and children are non consensually used as guinea pigs to test them. These are often horrible crimes against humanity, and our governments aren’t telling us anything about this.

One of the most terrible implications of these weapons is that it is no longer possible to protect yourself, your children, your loved ones. You can no longer say: ‘stay in this room, then you will be safe’. The attackers look through the walls of your house, cook, burn, control your body, and read and manipulate your thoughts. Police are not equipped to do anything and can’t help you, no one can help you.

Ayurveda

Ayurvedic medicine (“Ayurveda” for short) is one of the world’s oldest holistic (“whole-body”) healing systems. It was developed more than 3,000 years ago in India.

It’s based on the belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and spirit. Its main goal is to promote good health, not fight disease. But treatments may be geared toward specific health problems.
Those who practice Ayurveda believe every person is made of five basic elements found in the universe: space, air, fire, water, and earth.

These combine in the human body to form three life forces or energies, called doshas. They control how your body works. They are Vata dosha (space and air); Pitta dosha (fire and water); and Kapha dosha (water and earth).

Everyone inherits a unique mix of the three doshas. But one is usually stronger than the others. Each one controls a different body function. It’s believed that your chances of getting sick — and the health issues you develop — are linked to the balance of your doshas.

Gravity

gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light are brought toward (or gravitatetoward) one another. On Earth, gravity gives weight to physical objects, and the Moon‘s gravity causes the ocean tides. The gravitational attraction of the original gaseous matter present in the Universe caused it to begin coalescing, forming stars – and for the stars to group together into galaxies – so gravity is responsible for many of the large-scale structures in the Universe. Gravity has an infinite range, although its effects become increasingly weaker on farther objects.

Gravity is most accurately described by the general theory of relativity (proposed by Albert Einstein in 1915) which describes gravity not as a force, but as a consequence of the curvature of spacetime caused by the uneven distribution of mass. The most extreme example of this curvature of spacetime is a black hole, from which nothing—not even light—can escape once past the black hole’s event horizon. However, for most applications, gravity is well approximated by Newton’s law of universal gravitation, which describes gravity as a force which causes any two bodies to be attracted to each other, with the force proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

Gravity is the weakest of the four fundamental forces of physics, approximately 1038 times weaker than the strong force, 1036 times weaker than the electromagnetic force and 1029 times weaker than the weak force. As a consequence, it has no significant influence at the level of subatomic particles. In contrast, it is the dominant force at the macroscopic scale, and is the cause of the formation, shape and trajectory (orbit) of astronomical bodies. For example, gravity causes the Earth and the other planets to orbit the Sun, it also causes the Moon to orbit the Earth, and causes the formation of tides, the formation and evolution of the Solar System, stars and galaxies.

The earliest instance of gravity in the Universe, possibly in the form of quantum gravity, supergravity or a gravitational singularity, along with ordinary space and time, developed during the Planck epoch (up to 10−43 seconds after the birth of the Universe), possibly from a primeval state, such as a false

Radiation ??????

Radiation is emmited by vibrating an object in nano scale and micro scale

Electron radiation these radiation occured in electron and emmits heat in the form of photons or light

Photons are vibrating particles that emmit’s when vibration in electrons are increases . These vibration also increases the temperature of electrons and the temperature is so high that can metal glows we call it light

Nuclear radiation these radiation occured in vibration at nucleus and unstable the protons and neutrons

If there is a vibration in nucleus due to chemical reaction that produces large amount of heat and atoms start glowing we call it photons

Radiation are vibrating electron , proton and nutrons that produces mass heat and vibration and start glowing

Neutrons are produce more vibration then electrons and protons

Because neutrons are electrically neutral that can not lose and gain energy hence very hard to make a bond with another atom

Difference between heat and photon?????

Everything that vibrates produce heat like photon produces heat when they vibrates

Friction also produce heat due to vibration

If a substance have no mass due to no effect of gravity like photon. They produce large amount of heat and Radiation , because this is a natural phenomina photons have large amount vibration as compare to all the matters

If a substance have some weight can produce less amount of heat and radiation because they are closely packed

Photons can move freely and no effect of gravity that is why photon produces more heat

Global warming and their effects on climate

Gaseous CFCs can deplete the ozone layer when they slowly rise into the stratosphere, are broken down by strong ultraviolet radiation, release chlorine atoms, and then react with ozone molecules

This is the biggest factor of global warming

Another big factor is increase of carbon dioxide in atmosphere .

Climate change:-

Summer season

Global warming can increase the temperature and this can cause melting of ice and cause skin burn

Due to ozone layer depletion VU RAYS can directly enter to the earth and cause skin cancer

Rainy season

Global warming can also increase flood

Due to rise in temperature amount of water evaporation increases so this can cause heavy Raining

Winter season

Due to rise in temperature water evaporation increases

Due to this water drops present in atmosphere can be separated into hydrogen and oxygen by the process of ELECTROLYSIS due to radiation

Then hydrogen and oxygen changes their phase this can produce very low temperature

due to large amount of water drops present in atmosphere temperature decreases

Global warming can cause increase in temperature at summer , high rainfall at rainy season and decreases temperature in winter

How rain occurs????

When water evaporates it goes to the higher atmosphere where process of electrolyses occurs it separates hydrogen and oxygen by heat

After this hydrogen and oxygen are mixed together by chemical reaction also blast occurs we call it lighing

And rain fell in the form of snow as the snow fell down it become rain at low altitudes and in high altitude it fell in the form of snow …..

Another factor of lower pressure and temperature in high altitudes ????

Evaporation cycle and phase change

As the sun strikes to water it evaporates

This water mixes with the atmosphere. We call it humidity. due to the effect of temperature , these water drops goes upward and also other gases goes upward due to decrease the mass of gases with temperature .

At the upper atmosphere these gases can change there phases due to this pressure and temperature Is low at high altitudes .

As we know that if a gas is changes into vapors form it can give very low temperature like air conditioning and refrigerator working

Why this question asked if we go near to sun temperature decreases??? Or in high altitudes

If we think normally if we go near to fire heat increases .

As we go near to the sun heat has to be increase but in higher altitudes heat decreases

That is why this question is asked

There are many facts that can tell us why decreases heat in upper altitues it depends on pressure ,

Evaporation cycle and Earth’s axis

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